During that decade, 100,000 black people were forcibly resettled from farming land designated for white ownership.
It fell to around 120,000 in 1999 and to less than 50,000 in 2002.
) are people from the southern African country Zimbabwe who are white.
In linguistic, cultural and historical terms, these Zimbabweans of European ethnic origin are divided between the English-speaking descendants of British and Irish settlers, the Afrikaans-speaking descendants of Afrikaners from South Africa, and those descended from Greek and Portuguese settlers.
It was claimed that these farms provided 40% of the country's GDP and up to 60% of its foreign earnings.
Major export products included tobacco, beef, sugar, cotton, and maize. Gold, asbestos, nickel, and chrome were mined by foreign-owned concerns such as Lonrho (Lonmin since 1999) and Anglo American.