ing can scarcely be described in words ; but once acqnrred it is almost infallible. Tbe basaltes ware, like tbe jasper, stands well this rigid test. The encircling edges and bor- ders fall into each other without defect. The earlier patterns are comparatively small ; generally con- sisting of a leaf, bud, or coral-like spray. The bodies in- clude cream-ware, pearl ware, crystalline terra-cotta, basaltes, rosso- antico, cane-colour, and jasper. A large number were made variously of ivory, pinchbeck, and satin and other woods, the Wedgwood ornaments being cameos inserted therein. The application of bronze powder to basaltes ware; it was then burnt in. A representation of the human head, neck, and upper portion of the shoulders. When black ware is washed great care must be taken to remove every grain and film of the soap, or when dry the ornamental portions will have a mouldy appearance.
The ansae, or handles, are almost always beautifully set ; the terminals, whether composed of heads, figures, or conventional orna- ment, match each other ; drapery and other festoons have an accurate flow ; and the true parallelism of parts is always to be observed. The later patterns are larger and more highly coloured. Cream-ware printed over or under the glaze with patterns in black. Unevenness of the plane or surface ; a defect often seen in modern bas-reliefs. Wedgwood's busts are almost all in the basaltes body. As distinguished from intaglio, a small piece of which the ornamental portion is raised above the surface. Black ware, after thorough cleansing, may be rubbed with fine olive oil with good result. The chief colours are three shades of black in basaltes, the mixed or marbled colours in crystalline terra-cotta, the red in rosso antico, the various tints of blue, sea-green, and mauve in jasper, cane and bamboo colour, and cream colour. The fracture, mainly due to firing, of the component parts of an ornamental piece — such as a bas-relief or large medallion.
For various exampk^s, see • Life of Wedgwood," vol.
ii., " Wedgwood and his Works," and " Memorials of *' Wedgwood." GLOSSARY OF TERMS. An elegant covered cup or box, shaped and coloured as a melon.
And in j Durchasing of dealers and others, place yourselves only in the hands of those who are known for probity and fairness. English French English ' I French J English I French J Reprint English 35 55 ... 1773 1774 1775 1777 1779 1787 1788 1817 1873 Cameos and intaglios, mixed Cameos .... Bas-reliefs, medallions, tablets, &c Kings and illustrious persons of Asia, Egypt, Greece Eoman history from Dassier's medals .... In reference to Wedgwood's fine-art work the term " bas-relief" more especially applies t(j the laying of a white body on a coloured one ; as in the case of a bas- relief of white jasper placed on a field coloured blue, green, or black. The term " bas- relief" is also applied to the whole of an ornamental piece, whether for insertion in a chimney -piece or for framing as a picture. 391 bas-reliefs may be oval, round, square, or longitudinal, or perpendicular oblongs. Used chiefly for mounting as jewellery, for insertion in all kinds of bijouterie and furniture, and for preservation in cabinets. The bell-flower; an ornamental decoration derived from the Cinquecento. Turner used it largely as a border in the jasper body. The much-prized " crackle ware " of the Chinese is porcelain purposely crazed or cracked. A dejeuner consists of a tray, one or more cups and saucers, occasionally a teapot, a cream jug, and a slop basin. Wedgwood's artists — including Flaxman — first made a sketch, and from this, when approved of, a more perfect design was wrought. are Flaxman's two rough sketches for the design of the bas-relief of the " Manufacturers' Arms." A copy of this bas-relief is now, apparently, unknown. A beautiful kind of decoration applied to plain surfaces, and derived from the Middle Ages. He used dolphins with excellent effect as supports for candelabra. They were much used during t Jie famine period — 1795-1802. The hollows within were for holding such cheap and easily prepared articles of food as rice, sago, furmety, &c. This is prettily enamelled, in some cases printed, with gaj^-looking flowers. A beautiful ornamental edging much used in the decoration of antique vases. He made great use of the oviform or egg-shape, as well as the ellipsis. Drinking cups made in the shape of a fox's head, and copied from the rhyton, a Grecian form ; copies were generally rimmed with silver. Frames are generally in basaltes ; but some large medallions are still extant which have frames in red, light puce, and brown.
The ad- vice, too, of a friend who has some knowledge of the sub- ject is always advantageous. HERE liave been ten editions of Wedgwood's Ca- talogue — seven in English and three in French — besides others in the German, Dutch, and Italian 6th. Heads of illustrious Romans The Caesars and Empresses . Bas-reliefs may have varying degrees of projection. Much used under many variations by Wedgwood in his latest and best period. Wedgwood made candelabra in all his ^arious bodies, but more especially in basaltes. It is a defect due to the non-exjiansion of the glaze during firing, and is one from which all Wedjrwood's fine cream-ware and other useful wares were wonderfully free. Imitated as an edging both in bas-relief and in enamel. Wedgwood, who probably derived his idea of dejeuners from specimens in Dresden, Sevres or Chelsea porce- lain, made sets in basaltes, cream-ware, cane-wai*e, and jasper. Through his later period Wedg wood used diaper — or as some might call it, chequer-work — in many variations, for the ornamentation of his ware, more especially for small vases, dejeuners, and tea-sets. A clear jelly was apparently run over this ; and the flowers showing through, an ornamental piece for the dinner-table was formed. It has the effect of an elegant fringe, or of a running series of tassels. Exemplified in the canopic vases, in the lotus vases (see " Wedgwood and his Works," plate xxii.), in many of the red on black and black on red inkstands, and other pieces. One of the crystalline terra-cotta mixed bodies of which the colours are red, brown, and white. Hand painting ; the colouring materials being a combination of the metallic oxides. A sort of fresco painting whereby the colom-s, which are without gloss fuse with the mass in firing and become an integral portion of it. The ornamental part gene- rally consists of reed and strap-work. The central portion of the entablature of a chimney-piece. All dimensions should be expressed in inches and parts of an inch, thus— 20f inches.
Melon-ware was made at an early date in the Potteries.
Wedgwood's cream-ware was rendered like ivory by the perfection of its glaze ; but his chief ornamental bodies were terra-cottas, and thus with- out glaze. Fothergill, the Quaker physi- cian, for gilding ordinary picture frames. Medallions may be round, up- right, or longitudinal.
The smaller range from 2 to 5 in., the larger from 5 to 11^ in.
Jasperware was matte finish pottery product (some refer to it as porcelain) developed by Josiah Wedgwood and used to imitate onyx or sardonyx in that it had a background color (usually blue, but not always) with the white design in relief.
In honor of the 250th anniversary of Queen’s Ware®, Wedgwood introduces the Blue Bird collection.