But the Bible clearly teaches a recent creation of both the heavens and the earth, so Christians have often tried to reinterpret this doctrine to accommodate the long ages required by radioactive dating.
In this paper, Whitney developed the evidences for a young earth based on: (1) influx of sodium and other chemicals into the ocean; (2) depletion of the land by leaching; (3) sedimentation rates; (4) build-up of helium in the atmosphere; (5) disintegration of comets; (6) influx of meteorites and their nickel-iron contents on the earth; and (7) efflux of water from earth's interior by volcanism. Whitney then added a brief critique of the assumptions in radioactive dating.My first book, (published in 1946), had briefly questioned the reliability of radioactive dating, but also had allowed for the gap theory.But then I read Burdick's paper and was convinced that such a compromise was unnecessary scientifically.Before the discovery of radioactivity, this usually meant arguing against the evidences from crustal cooling, sedimentation rates, or salt influx in the oceans.The development of radiometric dating during the early decades of the 20th century, however, soon displaced all these arguments, since the latter method seemed to allow much more time for evolution.He commented on the many discordances in results, the problem of separating "common lead" from radiogenic lead, the possibility that some of the supposed radiogenic elements could have been added either before or after deposition, the possibility of changes in disintegration rates, the possibility of selective leaching, and the many conflicts with previously assumed geologic ages. Whitney published many other papers, as well as two small books, all advocating recent creation and flood geology.He was even able to get at least one paper included in the Reports of the Committee on Geologic Time (he was on good terms with Professor Lane) and in the There were a few others in the old Creation-Deluge Society (which I joined in 1943) who believed in recent creation, but the next important article—so far as I know—was one by geologist Clifford Burdick, entitled "The Radioactive Time Theory and Recent Trends in Methods of Reckoning Geologic Time." The paper had been written earlier, but was finally published in 1946, in volume 1 of a short-lived journal established by the "old-earthers" who had taken over the Creation-Deluge Society.Find additional lessons, activities, videos, and articles that focus on relative and absolute dating.The dating of rocks by the radioactive decay of certain minerals is undoubtedly the main argument today for the dogma of an old earth.By dating these surrounding layers, they can figure out the youngest and oldest that the fossil might be; this is known as "bracketing" the age of the sedimentary layer in which the fossils occur.Teach your students about absolute dating: Determining age of rocks and fossils, a classroom activity for grades 9-12.