Updating alsa

One of the most universally performed tasks by Linux systems administrators is the downloading of software. You'll be prompted for each of the matching RPM files.It is usually very simple to do and the most commonly used methods are covered in this section. cr mdir proxy send $ delete mget sendport site account debug mkdir put size append dir mls pwd status ascii disconnect mode quit struct bell form modtime quote system binary get mput recv sunique bye glob newer reget tenex case hash nmap rstatus trace ccc help nlist rhelp type cd idle ntrans rename user cdup image open reset umask chmod lcd passive restart verbose clear ls private rmdir ? In the next example, we just aborted this download by typing n.This makes life easier for the software developer who wrote the package as he or she now has only to create a single package to support all types of customizations.Both package types use standardized commands for installing the software contained inside making RPMs relatively easy to use.There are smaller sections on TAR packages and Perl modules near the end to cover these less frequently used, but important software installation tools.

This is the usual scenario for most departmental servers.Each of these methods is introduced here, but is covered in greater detail in sections to follow.Installing from your distribution CDs is usually easier than having to download files from a remote Web site, but they are never up to date for very long. The two most common ways of getting packages are by manually using FTP or a Web browser.If you're new to FTP, don't worry, it's explained later.The disadvantage of manual downloads is that the packages often won't install unless certain prerequisite packages have been installed beforehand.Note: With Fedora you can also download packages from the download.fedora.site.Start your search in the /pub/fedora/linux/core/ directory and move down the directory tree.For example, Fedora uses yum and Ubuntu and Debian use apt. ftp get openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386local: openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386remote: openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386227 Entering Passive Mode (66,187,232,35,58,25) 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386(184281 bytes).These are all covered in greater detail in sections to follow. ################################################################################################################################################################################### 226 File send OK. 184281 bytes received in 3.41 secs (53 Kbytes/sec) ftp Note: You can also use wildcards to download the RPMs you need using the mget command.This can lead to the download and installation of several packages which can become tedious.All the major Linux distributions have automated download and update utilities.

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