Updating alsa

Software developers who want to use a universally recognizable file format across all flavors of Linux also will make their products available as TAR packages.TAR packages are generally more difficult to work with than RPM packages because the archived files within them may or may not need to be compiled and the commands to install the software may vary from package to package.Knowledge of how to install Perl modules is a valuable component of a Linux systems administrators' skill set.This chapter focuses on the RPM and DEB formats, which are used by a majority of installed distributions.When Linux developers create their software they typically bundle all the executable and data files into a single file that is often called a "package" file.

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The disadvantage of manual downloads is that the packages often won't install unless certain prerequisite packages have been installed beforehand.

For example, Fedora uses yum and Ubuntu and Debian use apt. ftp get openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386local: openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386remote: openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386227 Entering Passive Mode (66,187,232,35,58,25) 150 Opening BINARY mode data connection for openssh-3.6.1p2-34.i386(184281 bytes).

These are all covered in greater detail in sections to follow. ################################################################################################################################################################################### 226 File send OK. 184281 bytes received in 3.41 secs (53 Kbytes/sec) ftp Note: You can also use wildcards to download the RPMs you need using the mget command.

Source RPMs are used when the kernel has been customized to add or drop support selectively for various devices or features for the sake of performance or functionality.

The procedure for installing source RPMs involves recompiling source code to fit the needs of these kernel customizations.

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  1. OpenSUSE kernel module/driver updates. 5.1 OSS Kernel Section - IF you have NOT updated kernel with security fixes GO HERE to this OSS section. 5.1.1 OSS Kernel Section - STEP 4 Kernel not updated - add OSS repository; 5.1.2 OSS Kernel Section - STEP 5 Kernel not updated - install alsa-driver-kmp package.

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